The Green Goblin is the alias of several supervillains of fiction appearing in American comics published by Marvel Comics . The first and best known incarnation, Norman Osborn , created by Stan Lee and Steve Ditko , generally considered the archenemy of Spider-Man . The Green Goblin is a Halloween- themed supervillain whose weapons resemble bats, ghosts, and lanterns . Comic book historian and journalist Mike Conroy writes of the character: “Of all the costumed villains that have plagued Spider-Man over the years, the most scruffy and terrifying of all is the Green Goblin.” The Green Goblin has appeared in several films, including Spider-Man 2002 as Norman Osborn and Spider-Man 3 2007 and The Amazing Spider-Man 2 2014 as Harry Osborn .

According to Steve Ditko: “Stan’s synopsis for the Green Goblin had a film crew, on site, finding an Egyptian- like sarcophagus . Inside was an ancient , mythological demon , the Green Goblin. It naturally came to life. On my own, I transformed Stan’s mythological demon into a human villain. ” 

The Green Goblin debuted in The Amazing Spider-Man # 14. At this time his identity was unknown, but he became popular and reappeared in later issues, highlighting his secret identity . According to Stan Lee and John Romita, Sr. , who replaced Ditko as the title artist, Lee always wanted the Green Goblin to be someone Peter Parker knew, while Ditko wanted his civil identity to be someone who had not yet been presented.

Lee explained: “Steve wanted him to become just a character that we had never seen before. Because, he said, in real life, very often a villain turns out to be someone you never knew. And I felt that would be wrong. I felt that , in a sense, it would be like fooling the reader … If it is someone you did not know and had never seen, what was the purpose of following all the leads? I think that frustrates the reader. ” However, Lee anticipated this claim by admitting that due to his self-reported poor memory, he may have mistaken the Green Goblin for a different character, and in a previous essay he had said that he could not remember whether Norman Osborn was the Green Goblin, it was his or Ditko’s idea. Ditko has maintained that it was his idea, even claiming that he had decided before the first Green Goblin story was finished, and that a character he drew in the background of a unique panel from Amazing Spider-Man # 23 was destined to be Norman Osborn (who doesn’t show up until issue 37).

Ditko left the series with number 38, just one before Norman Osborn was introduced as Harry Osborn’s father . The first track without Ditko saw the Green Goblin unmasked. John Romita, Sr. , who replaced Ditko as the title artist, recalled:

Stan wouldn’t have been able to bear it if Ditko had made the story and didn’t reveal that the Green Goblin was Norman Osborn. He didn’t know there was any doubt that Osborn was the Goblin. He didn’t know that Ditko had just turned Osborn into a straw dog. He just came to terms with the fact that he was going to be Norman Osborn when we did. He had been following the last two problems and didn’t think there was really a mystery. Looking back, he doubted that the Goblin’s identity would have been revealed in Amazing # 39 if Ditko had stayed. 

In the historical “The Night Gwen Stacy Died” ( The Amazing Spider-Man # 121-122), the green goblin kills Gwen Stacy and then dies in a fight against Spider-Man. However, the story’s writer Gerry Conway had Harry Osborn adopt the Green Goblin identity after “The Night Gwen Stacy Died”, and later remarked that “I never intended to get rid of the Green Goblin as a concept.” The fact that Harry Osborn became the Green Goblin was largely welcomed, with fans commenting that Harry was more threatening than his father had been.

Several other characters would adopt the Green Goblin identity, and writer Roger Stern later introduced the Hobgoblin to replace the Green Goblin as Spider-Man’s archenemy. In addition, a retcon during the “Clone Saga” determined that the original Green Goblin survived the events of The Amazing Spider-Man # 122 and had been playing a role behind the scenes in the adventures of Spider-Man since.

FIRST APPEARANCES

The character was created by writer-editor Stan Lee and writer-artist Steve Ditko, and first appeared in The Amazing Spider-Man #14 (cover dated July 1964) as the original and most well-known incarnation of Green Goblin.

POWER and ABILITIES

Norman Osborn was turned into the Green Goblin by a chemical solution he had devised based upon a formula originally conceived by Professor Mendel Stromm. The process granted Osborn superhuman strength, speed, reflexes, and stamina as well as a low-level rapid healing factor. In addition to these physical advantages, the serum also greatly enhanced Norman’s already-above average intellect, making him a bona fide genius capable of making breakthroughs in advanced areas of genetics, robotics, engineering, physics and applied chemistry.

ORIGIN STORY

Norman was born in New Haven, Connecticut as the son of wealthy industrialist Amberson Osborn. Amberson, a brilliant student in the fields of science, became an alcoholic after losing control of a manufacturing company and fortune, and became physically abusive toward the family. Hoping to gain more control of Oscorp Industries, Osborn accused Stromm of embezzlement and has his partner arrested and shares in his company sold to him.

Searching his former mentor’s possessions, Norman discovers an experimental strength/intelligence enhancement formula, but in attempting to create the serum, it turns green and explodes in his face. The accident greatly increases his intelligence and physical abilities as intended, but also has the side-effect of driving him into self-destructive insanity, just like his father from years ago.[

ENEMIES & ROGUES

The Green Goblin is the arch-enemy of Spider-Man.

ALLIES

Oscorp, Sinister Twelve, Daily Bugle, Commission on Superhuman Activities, Thunderbolts, H.A.M.M.E.R., Dark Avengers, Dark X-Men, Cabal, Goblin Nation, and Power Elite

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